Been looking up at the sky for years now... Sometimes I just look up and let the mind drift. The share wonder of an actual well lit (pollution free) night sky... it is a wonderful sight. In this set and setting it does not take long in beholding So NiNis vast creation, to be struck with a certain kind of awe. Quickly followed by the fact that we know so little and understand even less about how this Creation works. Man has theorised since the beginnings on what the earth looks like and what makes it behave the way it does. Though seemingly logical these theories, you will find these `recent ways` of thinking very far removed from what the Bible teaches. So, lets forget all the things we think we know that just aint so. And start accepting the fact that we have gotten allot of things just plain wrong.
People nowadays seem to have settled on the ideas and notions of the ancient Greeks, which has blended with catholic free-thinkers such as Copernicus, Galilei and the likes, in explaining the mechanics of the earth we walk upon. The Bible clearly challenges that way of thinking. More precisely, Scripture shows its down right wrong and rather unoriginal to think the earth is a round ball. And the sky, the sky all around us the portal into outer space. Its a portal alright, way deep into darkness it goes not another creation. Nothing lives beyond So NiNis creation. It cant, He is both the beginning and the end. He is the Great Fall (Nguliwa).
How then can so many people then say things like modern spaceship exploration somehow being on the `verge` or `breakthrough`? What verge are we headed for...? Listen, its all theory, mans theory. Folks its the same story only a different time. They had similar ideas before, people telling you a story. Let the Bible tell you a true story. Instead of listening and accepting what Europeans again have interpreted from other sources (possibly Roman and Muhammadan), lets consult the ancient Africans. More precisely the remains of the Lost Israelite Tribes, or as readers of this blog have come to accept, the people of Southern Africa. Leave this to Scripture and the old sayings. Ancient knowledge. Put them up against one another, let Scripture (So NiNis word) be The Guide. You will be amazed what you will find. Look up the Wisdom books from the far ancient times. You will broaden your understanding. It is no secret that the ancient peoples of Israel, but also other Empires, such as Babylonian and Egyptian - held great wisdom. They had much more knowledge about the world hence also the sky and its effect on us, more than we the slightest clue of today.
Yo - listen ! They had a completely different way of relating to the sky altogether. No ridiculous spaceship exploration, star trek or star wars - no grand universe filled with your so-called galaxies or your preverbal lurking black hole or a speck of astrodust filled with some mysterious dark matter. The wise men of old had things figured out way way more interesting. Read on and lets open that door together. Sure technology has have provided us the ability to get images (that function like our eyes btw) like the ones on showcase in this article. We cannot deny some of the things we have seen about the vastness of space and the stars (also created by So NiNi). But listen - things being inferred and purported by man does not make them true. Mathematics and astronomy can only take you thus far if you do not seek The Great King. You will go mad trying to understand anything without Him, you will end up trying to calculate the vastness of So NiNi or the Vastness of His diverse Creation. Just leave it. Its too deep, too much - too comprehensive. Its eternal, like He is eternal. If you think yourself a thinker, try this one - do you honestly believe you can travel out into so-called space, inside a space suit made from materials of the very same earth you are made of, weightlessly drifting out there... to another sphere? Waiting to find life or another planet that again can be be colonised by humans? Come on already. Its fantasy and not even a very good one.
Firstly, its even remotely possible to travel into so-called space like that. Secondly, you are borderline crazy for believing that would be possible. Now you say, did this one just call me crazy? Listen, this is not an attempt to insult anyone for believing in things they have been fed their whole lives. But always listening to what other people tell you in their utmost certainty (ingrained madness), will in fact make you a fluffhead. Its ok. Its not your fault though, the fluffness of your head can be healed. Not by listening to me raffle on, but when you start reading your Bible and thinking for yourself - always guided by Him.
This is why just you might be a little crazy though: Because things does not work like the catholic church or NASA says - at all. If you are willing, lets try to see things from another perspective. The organisation known as NASA, are built upon thoughts of the ancient Greeks and then modified by Galileo... (basically). These thoughts and ideas do not hold sway over anyones abilities to think for oneself, neither should they dictate your own thoughts on the matter. Its your God given right to seek out and ponder - to gain insight into this mysterious experience we call life. It is your right to chose... Chose how you chose to live it before The Most High, what your innermost thoughts on it are, whom you share it with, who you share said thoughts with. Most importantly - Who or what you chose to worship. Your right to chose how deeply you want to know, how deeply you want to love. Enough preachin` now - lets dive.
Now, in this `African ethno-astronomy` piece, we are gonna dive head on deep into the old concepts (mostly Xhosa, but many others also from southern Africa) of what the stars meant for the old people in the Bible and the tribes that came after them. And it goes without saying it is far removed from what people in general believe today. Especially what they thought of the sky itself, being the home of the stars, the sun and the moon. People now seem to believe what they are told, anyways. The danger of individual thought...
The article will try its best to limit the use of the astronomical lingo of today. Without your clusters and supernovas, because we haven't really got a clue of what they are and ten-years (professors) love to theorise (after all thats what they get payed for). Africans thought them (he stars) as alive, and arguably they are. Its just gas and stardust you say... No, no, no thats what you have been told they are. Stop repeating what you have been taught and ask So NiNi, He will tell you straight up. The theories on the workings of the universe are plenty and manifold. Especially in our day and age, as many find themselves under the strong delusion that we somehow are gonna conquer space or that we are leaving earth for some other galaxy. Not in this biometric dome ! Remember and you`d do well to remember, that things are more complicated than titanium spaceships and time-travel (which does not exist).
Lets kick off, remembering an old TV-series I used to enjoy very much. In the words of Jean-Luc Picard :
The African Sky
The African concept, most widespread is that our sky (adding that there are plenty of people in our time who believe and accept this ) is a solid dome made out of some sort of blue rock, which rests upon the earth, where the sun and moon move across the sky (dome). The ancient people of Southern (whole of) Africa have believed this for more than (hundreds of) thousands of years. How old is space travel again? Been to the moon lately have we? Nope, not since 1972.... Think of the levels of greed invested into land and land ownership since well ever, how is it then - even remotely possible - that we have not been to the moon and not started dividing up the land? Here is why, because we can't go there. Not possible.
Now if we where to compare, you might personally react upon the fact that the earth does look something like the image on the left, others would equally cringe at your preverbal image of a round sphere. The teachers desktop globe of a nicely rounded out ball floating around in endless space. This concept will work with a ball on a stick in the classroom shown to 5 or 6 year olds, but this fluffhead theory comes up short in the heart of a thinking man. Its not to many verses you need to know about, to understand the world built upon So NiNis rules. And then you see this for what it is, nonsense.
Here is one of the many problems with accepting the earth is small and round. For instance have a look at Joshua Nowickis photo, taken from Michigan (from across the lake), some 60 miles away is shows the city of Chicago. ANY sane human being, versed in simple mathematics, will see that these distances should not be remotely possible on a sphere and it never will be possible - Because the earth is no ball. It is to far and wide for that (Job 38,5).
Sure you can argue photoshop or whatever, but the fantasy worldview used as the standing standard is on much shakier ground than a photograph. Let me give you a puzzle, if we are on a sphere how can we say we live in the west? :) No, but seriously - You see the ancients (Babylonians, Egyptians, etc) ALL regarded these general four directions, North, South, East and West. And Israel (especially) Jerusalem was at the top of the world. If you regard these old directions for traveling on the earth - Not only is everything upside down, but also somehow along the way has been formed into a ball. If this is how easy it is to make fanciful ideas a standing truth, lets accept that this is the actual layout of the earth. Perhaps it is turtles all the way down..? Ever thought of that?
Sorry about that, I just couldn`t resist. That old philosophical quote, where an old lady famously answer the philosopher, when asking what the earth looks like. Quite famous in philosophical circuits. Its turtles all the way down, she said. Thats how much a round earth is worth in my thinking at this point, it cannot work. It is so far fetched it might as well be turtles all the way down. Moving on, lets start including some words of wisdom and old school concepts. What the ancients actually though on the matter. Towards the end of this list, there is a long list of Bible verses on the matter and the shape of the earth. Which should set things straight, So NiNis word is the final word.
The Old School concepts
There are so many tribes in Southern Africa, not all off course are Israelites, but many can trace their ancestry to some of the Great Patriarchs of old and Disciples in newer times. Here are some of their beliefs, however pagan they might seem to an outsider, there most certainly is truth to be found.
Take the Nyae Nyae !Kung Bushmen, who saw the sky as the dwellings place of all the divine beings and spirits of the dead, and they meant that the `things of the sky` did generally not influence or reflect the affairs on men, nor did they affect the weather, agriculture or other earthly on goings, as they are in a realm of their own. Interesting, so its sorta like another dimension on top of ours. Sounds rather appealing and familiar right?
Heaven = Zulu
Now the Fathers dwellings place is called Nyangweni in Xhosa, and is the Highest part of Heaven. The Heavens, according to Enoch has about 7 levels (hence the popular expression 7th heaven). Whether you accept modern theories on wormholes or different dimensions, these are indeed ancient concepts trying to explain the level layout also present in this world and the next. The heavenly realms. My fathers house has many rooms, remember... ? (John 14,2) Below are pages from the oldest surviving copy of the book of Enoch (Henoki). Paul says he was taken up into Third Heaven, whether inside the body or not (he knows not), but he went somewhere else than here on earth (2. Corinthians 12,2).
Sticking with Enoch and elaborating on Paul, well this book takes things to another level. If this particular book been altered or not, is hard to say. The languages in this copy is old Ethiopic or Ge`ez. So it appears to have been written off of older scrolls, Bantu languages (Sesotho, Xhosa or even Zulu). However Ge`ez is much more similar too Arabic, and given its survived language (carrier language) and time of Enoch, this is most likely not the original manuscript. However - The book gives detailed descriptions on the inner workings of heaven and the earth. The course of the heavenly luminaries is particularly informative. It is a hard case to argue against and many do not see how things cannot work like that. The explanations are very orderly and far more neat and approachable than understanding it from a guy trying to explain how to calculate the mass and size of a black hole. The Seventh day Sabbath is also easy to explain in Enochs worldview, which definitely gives the book more solid ground to stand on. So sure, there is plenty of wisdom to be found in Enoch. However, be careful and consult the Spirit of Truth before you start interpreting on your own, so you dont get trapped or caught up on the way. These books seem to be guarded by strange spirits, use caution. Also there are several Books of Enoch out there, 1 and 2, should be enough for anyone to get started..
The Heavenly Bodies
Heavenly bodies are luminaries like the sun, the moon and bright stars, according to Enoch, they all have places where they go during different times of the day (which gives the sun a more elliptical orbit when travel across the plain ol`flat earth). Enoch teaches a flat earth, and so does Job, for that matter. A post on the book of Enoch may be due on another occasion, when and if it feels more familiar. The book is a very interesting read and does hold truth. Is it an original? Unlikely, it has survived in carrier languages from Ethiopia regions and probably was written long after Enoch himself was alive, its origins therefore are mysterious and dubious. Use caution and ask the Spirit for guidance. Moving on to tribal knowledge and old sayings about the African Sky.
The Sun (ilanga in Xhosa and Zulu), duvha in Venda, Zuva in Shona and Letsatsi in Sotho. Nyae Nyae! thought the sun as a `thing of death` because of its searing heat and its association with thirst and hunger. Not far removed from the Biblical way of thinking, there are vast amount of verses talking about rain and the blessing of rain coming from So NiNi at just the right times.
The occasional sun disappearing (so-called eclipse) or blacking out, was not welcomed in Xhosa culture (or the ways of Moses), and it was seen as an ill omen just as a blood moon was to be revered. Zulu, Sotho and Tswana traditions called it `the darkening of the sun`, ukufiphala kwelanga or fifalo ya letsatsi. Venda people talks about muthsa-kavhili also known as the `two dawns`.
iNyanga to the Xhosa and Zulu, Nwedzi to the Shona and Venda, and Ngwedi to the Sotho and Tswana – is probably the most obvious feature in the night sky, because of its size, brightness, and changing appearance (phases). As the Moon orbits the Earth it goes through a sequence of phases, from New Moon (invisible) to crescent, half-moon, Full Moon, half-moon, and back to New Moon. Which is when So NiNi has set the time for the Sabbath. If you look for it, you will find it. To the Kora KhoiKhoi, the Moon was kham, “the Returner”; the Nama KhoiKhoi spoke of khab. The KhoiKhoi also considered the Moon as “the Lord of Light and Life”, and would sing and dance at times of New and Full Moon. The Nyae Nyae !Kung Bushmen said that the crescent phases with sharp points was male, while the Full round Moon was female.
The Xhosa (and The Sotho and Zulu, among others) considered the time of New Moon as a period of inaction, as is custom to their old Testament ways, still is a thing these days. Read the article Sabbath Origins to get at what is being inferred here. When the Moon reappeared as a crescent in the evening sky, it was cause for celebration. Important events were scheduled to take place around the time of Full Moon.
Bright southern stars
The Southern Cross (Crux) and the two bright Pointers (alpha and beta Centauri) are probably the most recognisable of the southern stars, and they feature prominently in African star lore. In Sotho, Tswana and Venda traditions, these stars are referred to as Dithulwa (or the Giraffes). The bright star of Crux are the male giraffes, and the two Pointers are the female stars.
Now, the Venda had a name for the fainter stars you find in the southern cross, Thuanda, or the little giraffe. Venda, like many other Bantu tribes starts the month (khubvhemedzi) when the crescent moon can be seen for the first time, while at the same time the lower two giraffes (stars) are dipped just below the horizon with the other two just being visible. Sotho people is of the opinion that when the giraffe stars are seen close to the south-western horizon, after the sun has set - This indicates the beginning of cultivation season.
Again tribes like /Xam Bushmen had another way of viewing it, they saw the two pointers as male lions, who once were men but got turned into stars by a magical girl. The 3 brightest stars (iinkwenkwezi or iinkanyezi in Zulu) of the cross they saw as female. The Khoikhoi saw the pointers as Mura, The Eyes, of a great celestial beast. Still on the southern cross, there is a dark nebula (Coal Sack) called Old Bag of the Night by the Nyae Nyae !Kung Bushmen. The long axis of the Southern Cross points towards a bright star called Achernar, called Senkane (Sesotho and Tswana), Tshingana (Venda), and means the Little Horn. Caponus is even brighter than Archernar, known in southern Africa as Naka, The Horn Star.
In Sotho tradition herdsmen kept a careful watch for The Horn Star come close to the end of May. The Sotho chiefs awarded a cow to the person that gave reports of Nakas earliest sighting. On the day of the sighting the chief would call his medicine-men together, throwing bones in a dice, they would judge wether the new season would be a fruitful one, or if bad omens or signs was lurking in the horizon. This star also heralded the coming of winter and the fields turning colour becoming brown. When Naka appeared before sunrise, the Tswana knew it was time for their sheep to start breeding.
In Venda tradition , the first one to see Nanga in the morning sky (in May, which would mean the start of winter), this person would climb a hill and blow the phalaphala (a black antilope horn) rewarding him with a cow. The Zulus knew Caopus as isiAndulela, a messenger that appeared at the end of Autumn, at harvest time (but also as inKhwenkwezi - The Brilliant Star. The constellation of Scorpius is known for a row of stars, the home of the bright reddish star Antares. And near this constellation lies a circlet of stars known as Corona Australis, the Southern Crown. Fomalhaut is a star, prominent in the summer sky, called Ndemara (The Sweetheart Star) by the Shona and Ntshuna, and The Kiss me Star by the Tswana. When this star was visible it was an indication that lovers had to art before their parents caught them (a strong parable to Venus The Evening Star).
We will get back to Venus. If you on a moonless night (when the new moon is readying up and the next month is ready to begin), you can under a dark sky see two very interesting clouds to the south. One being much larger and brighter than the other. These are the Magellanic Clouds, or Cape Clouds, known in astro-terms as Galaxies. The Sotho saw these clouds as the spoor of two celestial animals, the large cloud as Setlhako sa Naka (The Spoor of the Horn Star) aka Naka (Canopus) and the smaller cloud as Setlhako sa Senkane (The Spoor of the Little Horn Star), Senkane (Archenar). Tswana folklore will it that when the small cloud appear clearer than the other, a drought would ensue. On an even darker night, the Milky Way can be seen as a dim band stretching from horizon to horizon. Venda, Setswana and Sesotho describe this band as a supernatural footpath across the whole sky, a place where the ancestor spirits walk. Other nicknames are `Nights backbone`, Skys spine`, even `Gods back`, all of them suggesting that the Milky Way somehow held up the sky or in some strange way held it all together.
Then comes the stars around Orion, a brilliant constellation, with Taurus the Bull on one side, bright Sirius on the other, which grace the southern night skies. Orion can be recognised by its three bright stars in short line or row, called Orions Belt, and the one brilliant star Betelgeuse. Rigel is the other brights star in Orion (opposite from Betelgeuse. Between Rigel and the Belts Stars lies Orion`s Sword, (seen as three fuzzy stars). The ancient cultures identified these Belt stars as animals, three pigs by Sotho (Makolobe), Tswana (Dikolobe), Karanga of Zimbabwe (Nguruve). The Sotho called Orions sword for Dintshwa, Tswana called it Dintsa le dikolobe, meaning `the three dogs are chasing the three pigs`. Zulus referred to Orions Sword as oNdwenjana, where the meaning indicated a tall object, which could be a man or a tree, or a long-stemmed flower(perhaps a lily). The Masaai referred to the Belt Stars as `Three old Men Pursued by Lonesome Widows`. Close to Orion is Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky, dominating in July and rising early in winter. The Sotho called it Kgogomashega, `Drawer of the Night`, Tswana called it Kgogomasigo `Pulls the Night Across`, Venda called it Khohamutsho `Pulling Out the Dawn`. The Zulus had various names for this bright star, inDosa and inDonsemasuku, which means straining or pulling. Now, Rigel and Betelgeuse (along with Sirius and Proycon) where known as Mgakgala (Mahakala) to the Basuto, Lebedu, Northern Sotho and Tswana. When all these stars were visible in the early signs of evening, they knew it was time to harvest the corn.
In Xhosa this star is known by the name iQhawe - The Champion, because it champions the sky, being the brightest. Another cluster of stars is the Pleiades, six or seven bright members. These cluster are used by the shepherds (pastoralists) of southern Africa, first visible in the morning twilight (August or September) and announce the start of planting season, and also marks the beginning of the year (in some places). In Kiswahili (prominently in East-Africa and Zanzibar), these are called Kilimia, The Ploughing Stars or The Digging Stars. A Swahili proverb goes: “If the Digging Stars set in sunny weather they rise in rain, if they set in rain they rise in sunny weather.” Other names are Kelemera to the Nyanbungu of Ruanda, Lemila to the Nyasa of Malawi, Selemela in Sotho, Shirimela in Tsonga, Selemela in Tswana, Tshilimela in Venda and isiLimela in Xhosa and Zulu (with ties to the tradition of circumcision). Xhosas would watch for the first appearance of isiLimela in June, this month symbolised new life in man when the Digging Stars appear - Eyesilimela. The coming out ceremony of abakwetha (or circumcision school), when the boys became men, was determined by the appearance of the stellar group of Pleiades. It is still the custom for Xhosa men to count their years of manhood from this very date.
Beneath comes a relevant poem, Silimela son of Makinana, by Samuel Edward Krune Mqhayi (1875-1945):
Summon the nations, let`s apportion the Stars:
Let the Stars be apportioned.
To share with the Tswana and Chopi,
All of those nations in loin clothes.
You of KwaZulu,
Take Orions Belt,
To share with the Swazi , the Chopi and Shangaans,
As well as uncircumcised nations,
You Britons, take Venus,
To divide with the Germans and the Boers,
Though you are a folk who do not know how to share.
We`ll divide up the Pleiades, we peoples of Phalo,
That great group of stars,
For they`re stars for counting off years,
for counting the years of manhood,
For counting the years of manhood,
The Years of Manhood
I disappear !
Both the Sotho and Tswana had a rule for finding directions at night: if you want to travel west, keep the Southern Cross on your left hand and Selemela (the Pleiades) on the right. And you will find your way. We move on the last star in this post, which is arguably the biggest one being worshipped today by the western world. You are beginning to catch on right? Stars are angels (Messengers) and yes, they, just like the Most High - can be worshipped. The fabled Evening Star, which is usually Venus, is visible from time to time in the west right after sunset.
When this bright star appears in the evening sky, the Xhosa called it U-cel`izapolo, the one who asks for milk from a teat, being the time when the boys playing in the fields would rush home to get cows milk. The Evening Star, yes called planet by astronomers, but remember plants does not really exist as such, not it the way astronomers say anyways. These believes are basically an ancient old Roman heritage (going back to Egypt off course), the worship of angels (planets/angels). Now, this a dark hole, don`t go in there without praying and fasting first. Or you might be in there already, pray and find your way out. This Venus was also known as Madingeni or the dating star, which in the old days was visible when boys and girls arranged secret datings. Dating was not allowed back then, at least not in public, as it was against the Law in many ways. Otherwise Madingeni was also linked with supper time, Ndebele called it Lykwela mkobe, and the Zulus talked about iCelankobe, which means `asking for mealies`. The Sotho knew this star as Kopa-dilallo, Tswana used Kopadilelo, Venda called it Khumbela tshilalelo, which means asking for supper. When the star is visible in the morning sky, just before sunrise, we know it as the morning star.
Isaiah 14:12 talks about this star and how it has fallen from heaven...
"How you are fallen from heaven,O Lucifer, son of the morning!How you are cut down to the ground,You who weakened the nations!"
Remember Lucifer simply means Venus in Latin. Now go figure. Whatever name the west uses, the Herero called it okanumaihi, little drinker of sweet milk on account of it appearing at milking time. The Nyae Nyae !Kung Bushmen called it “Old Star” and said it guided the Sun across the sky. The Morning Star is furthermore associated with diligence to the Xhosa, helping the traveler to move on and resume their journey, the clock showing the time for young women who needed to get up and do their chores. Girls named after Venus (nomaKhwezi), is with the hope that they become diligent when they get older. This star is so bright, that sometimes it can be seen in broad daylight. Xhosa shepherds would try to spot Venus as a part of challenges to become a true shepherd.
Comets and Meteors
Lastly we have comets and meteors, which are indeed also angels, know to us as shooting stars. These are regarded as messengers of signs of important earthly events, which may be of good or bad character. San Bushmen of northern Namibia and the Masai of Kenya and Tanzania consider meteors as favourable omens, foretelling good rains. Tswana mythology says a bright meteor is an indication of a god season ahead. On the other hand, the !Xu Bushmen saw a meteor was an evil spirit racing across the sky to cause mischief among the people. Other ways of reading a meteor in the sky was either good nor bad, the Zulu, for example, say that meteors resulted from celestial cattle hastening to new grazing in another part of the sky. When the cattle drag their hooves they break through the floor of the sky and create streaks which soon fill in with mud. The Karanga of Zimbabwe would shout “Li-i-I Thobela!” when they saw a meteor, thinking that a god or ancient chief was shooting across the sky. The Masai considered comets to be the embodiment of important gods. In Xhosa tradition, a comet - Uzatshoba, is associated with bad luck, calamity, wars and death. There was also a strong belief that comets predicted the death of a chief. To the Sotho, comets were naledi tsha mesela, and to the Zulu, inkanyezi enomsile, meaning “stars with tails”.
Statement followed by Bible Verses, then elaborations
The earth is flat - If the earth has corners, it has to end, therefore it has be flat.
Isaiah 11:12 " ..... four corners of the earth..."
Revelation 7:1 " ..... four corners of the earth..."
Revelation 20:8 " ..... four corners of the earth..."
The Earth is still - If the Earth isn't moving then earth cannot be spinning or orbiting around the sun
1 Chronicles 16:30 ".....the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved..."
Psalm 96:10 " ...the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved..."
Psalm 93:1 " ... the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved..."
Pillars - You cannot fit pillars into a spherical earth and that is because the earth - the pillars of the earth hold up a flat stationary geocentric earth - with possibly a kind of dome on the top
1 Samuel 2:8 "..for the pillars of the Earth are the Lord's, and he hath set the world upon them...."
Job 9:6 "...and the pillars thereof tremble..."
Psalm 75:3 "...I bear up the pillars of it ..."
Firmament or Dome - A dome that separates the waters from above from the waters below. A dome can be defined as a solid expanse. If things work like they are explained, then the stars we see at night would be fixed inside the dome (firmament) rotating around a flat stationary earth.
Isaiah 24:18 "...For the windows of heaven are opened..."
Meaning they can also be closed, except for the Sabbath, when Ezekiel says they are open (Ezekiel 46,1)
Isaiah 13:13 "..Therefore I will make the heaven tremble..."
if the heavens can tremble it must be solid
Genesis 1:6 "....and God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters."
This is why all the stars rotate together. The stars were placed in the firmament
Isaiah 44:24 "... I am So NiNi, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself..."
You can't spread something out by rolling it into a ball
Psalms 18:9 "...he bowed the heavens also...."
2 Samuel 22:10 "...he bowed the heavens also..."
The heavens bend around us, it's a domed heaven over a flat earth.
The Sun/Ilanga - There are 67 bible verses that reference the sun moving but zero references to the earth moving. There is a matrix of flat earth clusters from Luke 13:28 to Luke 14. Dome, canopy, tent truth, edge, disc. Take your pick..
Height & Depth
Job 11:8 "...it is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know? Here it seems there is a height to heaven and a depth to hell. You can't have a height to heaven on an ever expanding universe. On the other hand you can have a height on a flat earth with a dome of some sorts over it.
Length & Width
Job 11:9 The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea. It doesn't say longer than the sphere and broader than the curved ocean. You can't have length and width on a ball shaped earth, it will not work. You would have to change the wording of the bible to have length and width on a round earth. You can only have length and width on a flat earth.
Day & Night
Job 26:10 "He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end."
The flat earth map has an ice wall that encompasses the waters. The sun and moon rotate over the top of the flat earth and can only come to an end where day and night meet the dome.
Job 38:4 "...where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding..." As we have learned the foundation of earth are the pillars.
Isaiah 48:13 "...mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together..." if the heavens stand up at his command then this tells us the earth has a dome.
Isaiah 66:1 "the heaven is my throne and the earth is my footstool..."
Matthew 5:35 "...nor by the earth; for it is his footstool..."
Acts 7:49 "...heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool..."A footstool has four pillars (legs) and the top is flat. What ball-shaped footstool spins 1000K mph? Cant rest legs on that
Exodus 20:4 "...thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath..."
Isaiah 42:8 "...neither my praise to graven images..." This is the 2nd or 3rd commandment (depending). Now what is a nice round globe on your desktop, it is a graven image of the earth.
Matthew 24:29 "...the stars shall fall from heaven..."
Mark 13:25 "....and the stars of heaven shall fall..."
Revelation 6:13 "And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth..."
We have all been lead into believing the stars are massive and trillions of miles away. Scripture is telling us the stars are not massive; they are small and close and they are going to fall to the earth. Therefore the firmament above the earth is small enough to contain all the stars that circle around the stationary earth.
Universe/All known Creation
The ancient African and Biblical view of the universe looks like this. The earth is on pillars, the sheol (isihogo) under the land, a dome over the flat geostationary earth with all the stars, sun and moon inside the dome going around the earth. That's why in Genesis 1:14 So NiNi said, "... let there be light in the firmament of heaven". In this way we are not orbiting a galaxy. Psalm 96:10 "...the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved." This verse could also argue against the earth being flat, and the verse could support a ball shaped earth, however eliminates the possibility of the earth going around the sun. Then comes the Circle of the Earth, Isaiah 40:22 "It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth" Some people say this proves a round earth, but there is a difference between a circle and a sphere, Isaiah knew the difference between a circle and a sphere because he describes a ball in Isaiah 22:18 "...toss thee like a ball..." Why didn't Isaiah use the same term for the ball earth that he did to describe a ball? Isaiah brings it home in the rest of Isaiah 40:22 "It is he that sits upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretched out the heaves as a curtain, and spread them out as a tent to dwell in... How exactly can you confuse a tent, a dome structure, with a ball ? How can you come to the end if you keep going in circles? How can you then come to the ends of the earth?
Ends of the Earth
Job 37:3 "...and his lightning unto the ends of the earth."
Daniel 4:11 "...and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth..."
Proverbs 30:4 "..who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son's name, if thou canst tell?" You can only come to the ends of something, going from here to there, not moving in circles you will miss the starting point.
The bible is consistent all the way through about the four winds:
Jeremiah 49:36 "...4 winds"
Daniel 7:2 "...4 winds"
Matthew 24:31 "...4 winds"
Revelation 7:1 "...4 winds"
Now, even meteorologists admit that these winds exist, and they show you their currents every night in after the evening news when the weather comes on. For instance almost all pilots know that there is such a wind (jetstream) that connects North America with Europe, and all commercial aircraft try to fly in this jetsream to conserve fuel. These winds are easy to find, 2 in the north and two in the southern parts of the earth.
Revelation 7:1 "...I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth holding back the four winds of the earth so that no wind would blow on the earth, the sea or on any tree."
Each of them would feed in a jetstream of air into the dome to cross ventilate the entire earth. This works poorly o a round earth.
See now, the recurring theme found all this knowledge from the ancient Africans, they all study and observe nature. Now please use this African sedgeway, reconnect with Nature and find the Sabbath. Ask So NiNI how to keep His day of Rest. He will show you when it is, and how He wants you to keep it.
Bleek, W.H.I. (1875) Second Report Concerning Bushman Researches with a Short Account of Bushman Folk-lore Fairall, A.P. & Matomela, T. (2003) Xhosa astronomical knowledge Hammond-Tooke, W. (1893) The star lore of the South African natives Hewitt, R. L. (1986) Structure, meaning and ritual in the narratives of the Southern San Hollmann, J. C. (2000) Customs and Beliefs of the /Xam Bushmen Lloyd, L. C. (1889) Short Account of further Bushman Material collected Marshall, L. (1986) Some Bushman star lore Snedegar, K. V. (1995) Stars and seasons in southern Africa Snedegar, K. V. (1995) Astronomical traditions of Southern Africa Warner, B. (1996) Traditional astronomical knowledge in Africa. In: Walker, C. (ed) Astronomy Before the Telescope. British Museum Press: London. p 304-317.
Alcock, P. G. (2014). Venus Rising: South African Astronomical beliefs, customs and observations